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Chitwan Safar is Nepal’s first national park, was established in 1973 and earned World Heritage Site status in 1984. It spans 952.63 km2 (367.81 sq mi) in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal, encompassing the districts of Nawalpur, Parasi, Chitwan, and Makwanpur. Chitwan Safar is also known as Chitwan National Park .The park’s altitude ranges from approximately 100 m (330 ft) in the river valleys to 815 m (2,674 ft) in the Sivalik Hills. Chitwan National Park’s location in the central lowlands of Nepal, specifically in the floodplains of the Rapti and Narayani Rivers, creates a diverse range of ecosystems where wildlife can flourish. The park is home to a plethora of flora and fauna, and one of the main draws of the park is the incredible variety of wildlife, including Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinos, leopards, reptiles, and over 500 species of birds.
In 1950, Chitwan’s forest and grasslands covered over 2,600 km2 (1,000 sq mi) and were inhabited by about 800 rhinos. The subsequent influx of poor farmers from the mid-hills in search of arable land, however, led to the area being opened for settlement and an increase in wildlife poaching. In 1957, Nepal’s first conservation law was passed to protect rhinos and their habitats. When protected areas were established in Chitwan, the Tharu communities, who lived in the region for generations, were forced to relocate from their traditional lands. They were denied any right to own land and thus forced into a situation of landlessness and poverty. When the national park was established, Nepalese soldiers destroyed the villages within the park’s boundaries, burning down houses and trampling fields using elephants, and the Tharu people were forcibly evicted at gunpoint.
Chitwan National Park is located at the foot of the Himalayas, boasting a particularly rich flora and fauna and serving as one of the last strongholds for the single-horned Asiatic rhinoceros and the Bengal tiger. CNP is known for its large mammals, including tigers, leopards, rhinoceroses, and gaurs, and houses over 50 species of mammals, 525 species of birds, 55 species of reptiles and amphibians, and a variety of fish species. The park is also home to many nationally threatened bird species, making it an important site for conservation efforts.
Jungle safari can also be defined as a forest trail, except that instead of walking, hiking or trekking, you have also got the options of exploring the forest regions via a jeep or a elephant or even on a horse. Jungle safari not just involves exploring the jungles of a particular region. Jungle safari can be adventures activities that explore the madness of jungle while observing flora and fauna.
Types of Safari in Chitwan Safari
There are different types of safari in chitwan including jeep safari, elephant safari and canoes safari. They are explain in detail below
- Elephant Safari : The elephant safari is one of the best ways to spot wildlife from up close. Because the elephants can come close to other animals without them noticing that there are people on the elephants back, you can come up to 1 meter from other animals.
- During the trip, you are never alone. The rider sits in the front and next to him; you are always accompanied by professional guides and naturalists.
- Tip: On the back of an elephant you can get very close to the wildlife. Beware that you have to be very quiet to do so! One sound and you will scare of the tigers, rhino’s, deer’s or one of the other animals.
- Jeep safari : One of the options to see the wildlife in Chitwan national park is to go on a jeep safari. During this trip you will sit in de back of an open jeep to see the animals. The driver will stop to show places and animals. You will have a great opportunity to get some good pictures this way. During the trip, the guide will hang at the back of the vehicle to spot animals. He will also give information about the environment and the wildlife.
- To do the Jeep safari you get two options:
- The first option is a short safari. This will take about 4 hours and you are in the jeep with a maximum of 7 persons. With your back you will sit to the side of the jeep. This safari will start around 13.00 p.m. and finishes around 17.00 p.m.
- The second option is a full day safari. The jeep is more comfortable as you have better seats and a private car. This trip will start early in the morning and you will finish around the same time as the short drive. With this trip you will go deeper in the jungle and here you will have more chance to see tigers. During this trip, the lunch will be eaten in the jungle itself.
- Don’t be afraid, you don’t have to catch your own food.
- Tip: During a jeep safari you should not wear bright colors. This will scare the animals so off white, Black, grey, dark green are preferred.
- Canoes Safari: If you came to Chitwan to relax, the canoe ride is a good way to do so. Also after a few days in the wild, this is great chance to become calm again. With a canoe you will slowly pass the shores of the rivers which are full with amazing crocodiles and beautiful birds. During the trip you are accompanied by a guide who will tell you about the animals. Off course you don’t have to peddle yourself as a boatman joins the ride.
Wildlifes of Chitwan Safari
Chitwan National Park is known for its large mammals, including tigers, leopards, rhinoceros, and gaur. The park is home to over 50 species of mammals, as well as 525 species of birds, 55 species of reptiles and amphibians, and a variety of fish species. The park is also home to many nationally threatened bird species, making it an important site for conservation efforts.
The Chitwan valley consists of tropical and subtropical forests. Sal forests cover 70 percent of the park. Sal leaves are used locally for plates in festivals and religious offerings. Grasslands cover 20 percent of the park. There are more than 50 different types of grasses, including the elephant grass (Saccharum spp ), renowned for its immense height. It can grow up to 8m in height. The park is home to more than 50 mammal species, over 525 birds, and 55 amphibians and reptiles.
Endangered Wildlifes of chitwan Safari
The endangered fauna found in the park are: One-horned rhinoceros, Gaur. Royal Bengal tiger. Wild elephant, Fourhorned antelope, Pangolin, Golden monitor lizard, Python, etc. Bengal florican. Lesser florican, Giant hornbill, Black stork, While stork, etc.
Others activities that visitors can enjoy in Chitwan
There are other things can be done beside chitwan safari in chitwan they are
- Tharu Culture : The native ethnic community of Tharu people serves the best and warm hospitality to the people visiting Chitwan National Park. The heart-warming traditions and culture of the Tharu group of People fascinate the visitors providing a unique and pleasant traditional experience while vibing wildlife. The visitor can enjoy the cultural performances and shows of the Tharu community people.
- Watching Birds: Chitwan is a paradise for bird-watchers, and one of the most rewarding places in the world for spotting and study birds. So far 560 species of birds have been recorded in the park, It is here that you can find an exciting amount of highly vulnerable birds (some of them endangered) which have been enticing ornithologists from the world over for years. The best way to explore and study the bird’s activities and behave is to walk with a guide, when we do cover almost all types of vegetation and habitat. British, European, American and Australian group have visited with our’s expert in Chitwan and other protected areas of Nepal. Nowhere in the world is there an environment which presents ornithologists with a great challenge, or great variety, than Chitwan.
- Religion and culture : After the exploration of nature, the visitor can further go on religious and cultural tours around Chitwan. This activity helps people awaken their spiritual faiths and beliefs. Apart from mesmerising beauty of nature, Chitwan offers the diverse experience of various lifestyles, cultures, and traditions. The unique tradition of different ethnic groups of people like the Tharu community and Chepang community lets you understand the lifestyle of people living in the terai region of Nepal.
- Jungle walk : The exploration of a national park via a jungle walk is, undoubtedly, the most thrilling approach. To ensure guests’ safety, at least two nature guides accompany each walking group on a trek through the park’s trails, all while seeking out the elusive rhino or tiger- though, at a safe distance. These guides are unarmed, except for a lengthy staff, and groups venture out every day without incident. There is an array of jungle walks to choose from, ranging in duration from half-day (four hours) to seven full days. The shorter trips, including the half-day and full-day options, depart from Sauraha and traverse the jungle. The longer excursions, the increasingly favored two-day and three-day journeys, pause for a night’s rest in a nearby village on the park’s border. For those up to the challenge, the lengthy adventure provides an extensive journey through the park’s boundaries, covering much ground and time
Best Time To visit Chitwan Safari
Chitwan National Park is bestowed with a myriad of diverse climatic conditions which offer a plethora of unique experiences. The average temperature that graces the park during the months of October and February oscillates around 25°C, resulting in a salubrious and pleasant climate. From a meteorological standpoint, the period spanning from October to February proves to be the most opportune time for one to embark on an expedition to Chitwan National Park.
Why we should visit Chitwan Safari
Chitwan National Park presents an exceptional opportunity to explore the diverse and varied flora and fauna of the region, including a multitude of endangered species such as the one-horned rhino, Royal Bengal Tiger, gharial crocodiles, and an array of other unique animals, birds, and plant life.
The experience of a jungle safari for the exploration of the lush jungle, vast grasslands, and stunning wildlife offers an unforgettable adventure that is deeply ingrained in one’s memory and enables a deeper understanding of the natural world.
The local peoples’ unique and diverse cultures and traditions are a significant aspect of the park, providing visitors with a chance to immerse themselves in a cultural ambiance that enhances their appreciation of nature and allows them to explore the captivating lifestyles of the locals.
A sightseeing and village tour that includes a boat ride on the magnificent Rapti river provides visitors with a mesmerizing opportunity to witness the breathtaking beauty of the birds and surroundings, offering a sense of deep pleasure and fulfillment that remains etched in their minds for eternity
While traveling to chitwan safari we will be staying Hotel National Park Sahuraha which Featuring free WiFi and a barbecue, Hotel National Park Sauraha offers accommodation in Sauraha, 10 minute walk to the banks of the Rapti River. Very comfortable rooms, staff couldn’t be more helpful. Will organise your safari with excellent guides and sort the bus for you too. 15 mins walk from main shops and restaurants of Sauraha. Wifi is superb too price per night is NRP 1309.
In Conclusion Chitwan National park is a first national park of nepal. It was established in 1973. In chitwan national park is a home of many wildlifes of with flora and fauna including endangered species such as the Bengal tiger, one-horned rhinoceros, gharial crocodile, and the Asian elephant. It is also home to more than 500 species of birds, making it a popular destination for birdwatchers. We will travel and exlpore the different places of chitwan. We can enjoy elephant safari, jeep safari and canoe safari .Other than that we can enjoys many things in chitwan as Tharu cultural and traditions as well as jungle walk watching birds.