Lumbini: The Place of Buddha

Lumbini: The Birth Place Of Buddha

Lumbini: The Place Of Buddha


Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, is an esteemed destination for Buddhist pilgrims and history enthusiasts. With its rich cultural significance and natural beauty, It provides a serene and tranquil atmosphere for visitors to explore. Today, it is an important tourism destination among Buddhist pilgrims. Surrounded by marshlands, this modest spot provides a grand mood for those who explore it. This is the place where Lord Buddha enjoyed luxury as Prince Siddharth before heading towards his path of enlightenment. Lumbini has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1997, and its historical significance dates back over 2,600 years ago. It is believed to be the birthplace of Prince Siddhartha Gautama, who later became known as Lord Buddha. The Birthplace of Buddha is situated in the southwestern part of Nepal and is surrounded by marshlands, providing a peaceful and picturesque environment for visitors.

Brief  synthesis Of Lumbini

Lumbini, a sacred area located in the Terai plains of southern Nepal, is known as the birthplace of Lord Buddha. With a history dating back to the 3rd century BC, It is one of the holiest places of Buddhism, and its remains provide significant evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centres.

Testified by the inscription on the pillar erected by the Mauryan Emperor Asoka in 249 BC, Lord Buddha was born in Lumbini in 623 BC. The archaeological conservation area within Lumbini houses several significant structures, including the Maya Devi Temple and the Shakya Tank.

Maya Devi Temple, which consists of brick structures in a cross-wall system, dates back to the 3rd century BC and remains intact to this day. It is believed that Maya Devi, the mother of Lord Buddha, gave birth to him at this location. Additionally, the sandstone Ashoka pillar with its Pali inscription in Brahmi script stands tall within the complex of structures.

Lumbini also contains excavated remains of Buddhist viharas (monasteries) that date from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD, and the remains of Buddhist stupas (memorial shrines) that date from the 3rd century BC to the 15th century AD. These structures showcase the evolution of Buddhist architecture and serve as a reminder of the rich history of Buddhism.

Today, Lumbini is being developed as a Buddhist pilgrimage centre, where visitors can immerse themselves in the rich history and spirituality of Buddhism. The archaeological remains associated with the birth of Lord Buddha form a central feature of the site, attracting thousands of visitors each year.

 Buddhist religious sites are archeological in nature, and if Buddhism is to be revived, then these places need to offer Buddhist activities. It is within this context that one must study Buddhist heritage. Noticeable efforts have been undertaken to revive and rebuild the Buddhist sacred landscape in India and Nepal in the last few decades. On the one hand, governments have focused on excavations to reveal more and more archaeological evidence regarding the expanse of Buddhism.

Lumbini: The  Temples City

Ten Things To Experience in Lumbini

Blessed with several ancient stupas, shrines, and monasteries depicting various stages of Buddha’s life, has a lot to offer to its visitors. To help you make the most of your time in this amazing city of Nepal, refer to our list of the top things to do in Lumbini.

  1. Lumbini Monastic Site

If you’re planning a trip to Lumbini, there’s one essential thing you cannot miss- the monasteries.  Lumbini Monastic Site includes several temples and monasteries where you will get an insight into the life of Gautam Buddha. No wonder there are several monasteries that purely follow Buddhist practices. While exploring the places, you’ll also get a chance to understand the significance of Buddhism- the birth, enlightenment, and death of Gautam Buddha.

    There are two east and west monastic zone .

A.West Monastic Zone

The West Monastic Zone represents the monasteries of Mahayana school of Buddhism. The west zone has more monasteries and meditation centres than the east zone. South Korea’s Dae Sung Shakya Temple is one of the tallest monasteries in buddha birth place. While stepping inside each of the monasteries, you’ll feel like getting into a different country. In the centre of the west monastic zone, you’ll find the beautiful lake surrounded by several incredible monasteries. The most eye-catching is the Great Lotus Stupa, sponsored by Germany. It has an attractive large garden with colourful decorations.

Here are a few monasteries you can visit in the West-Monastic Zone of Lumbini:

  • Urgen Dorjee Chholing Buddhist Centre, Singapore
  • French Buddhist Association, France
  • The Great Lotus Stupa (Tara Foundation), Germany
  • Drigung Kagyud Meditation Centre, Laddakh
  • The World Linh Son Buddhist Congregation, France
  • United Tungaram Buddhist Foundation, Nepal
  • Thrangu Vajra Vidhya Buddhist Foundation, Canada
  • Chinese Monastery, China
  • Drubgyud Chhoeling Monastery (Nepal Mahayana Temple)
  • Vietnam Phat Quoc Tu, Vietnam
  • Dae Sung Shakya Temple, South Korea
  • Geden International Monastery, Austria
  • Dharmodhaya Sabha Nepal (Swayambhu Mahavihara)
  • Karma Samtenling Monastery, Nepal
  • Manang Samaj Stupa, Nepal

B.East Monastic Zone

This zone is an essential part of Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, and houses monasteries that represent the Theravada (Hinayana) school of Buddhism. The East Monastic Zone is unique as it offers respite and spiritual programs that are in keeping with local traditions.The East Monastic Zone is a sacred destination situated in Lumbini, Nepal. It comprises monasteries that represent the Theravada (Hinayana) school of Buddhism and offers a serene and peaceful experience to spiritual seekers. The monasteries in this zone are built and operated by different countries, such as Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar, and provide respite and spiritual programs for visitors.

Here are the lists of monasteries of the East Monastic Zone of Lumbini:

  • Sri Lankan Monastery, Sri Lanka
  • Mahabodhi Society Temple of India
  • Dhamma Janani Vipassana Center, Nepal
  • International Gautami Nuns Temple, Nepal
  • Myanmar Golden Temple, Myanmar
  • The Royal Thai Monastery, Thailand

Visit Lumbini Museum

This Museum is another exciting place for visit Buddha place. The Lumbini Museum is the archaeological museum of the birthplace of Buddha. The museum is designed to show the significance of the site as the birthplace of Buddha, and offer some examples of the importance of Buddhism more generally.

Maya Devi Temple And Sacred Garden

Maya Devi Temple is the spiritual epicentre of Lumbini, Nepal. It’s believed to be the exact spot where Queen Maya Devi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BC, who later became known as Gautam Buddha. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site which lies in the middle of the park grounds called Lumbini Development Zone. While exploring around the temple, you’ll get a chance to witness a sacred pool called Pushkarini and a sacred garden.

Ashoka Pillar

This ashoka pillar is located in lumbini in the Rupandehi district of southern Nepal close to the Indian border. It is one of many stone pillars built by the Indian Emperor Ashoka during his reign in the 3rd century BC.All the pillars of Ashoka were built at Buddhist monasteries, many important sites from the life of the Buddha and places of pilgrimage.

The Bodhi Tree And Maya Devi Pond

The Bodhi Tree i is situated within the Maya Devi Temple complex, right next to the shrine and the peaceful Maya Devi Pond. It’s a Peepal tree, also known as Ficus Religiosa, that has been there for ages and is adorned with beautiful and vibrant prayer flags. The local people believe that tying a prayer flag while making a wish under the Bodhi Tree can make that wish come true.

Boating In Central Canon

You can take a boat ride or walk alongside the central canal that flows through the monastic sites and connects the village area to the Sacred Garden. It’s a beautiful way to see the surrounding areas. You can find small motor boats available for hire at either end of the canal, or you can take a peaceful walk along the canal, which is meant to be like a pilgrimage. If you prefer, you can rent a bicycle and ride through one of the monastic zones.


 Lumbini is the most sacred pilgrimage site to Buddhists worldwide. It holds both religious and spiritual significance among the Buddhist disciples. Most people worldwide travel to Buddha place to witness and explore Buddhism’s religious and philosophical aspects. No wonder, for meditation, you’ll find a better tranquil place than the birthplace of Gautam Buddha.

The Eternal Peace Flame Of Lumbini

Eternal peace flame is located at the southern end of the canal in Lumbini. It is one of the major attractions of the Lumbini garden. It was created in 1986 to celebrate the international year of peace. The flame was bought from the United States of America (USA) to promote peace and harmony among the nations as well as the global community.

Visit The Hometown of Lord Buddha, Tilaurakot

Tilaurakot was the hometown of Lord Buddha. It is considered as one of the oldest cities in south Asia. It was the capital city of ancient Shakya Kingdom where then the prince Siddharth Gautam, who  later became the lord Buddha, grew up and spent his 29 years in the palace. Prince Siddharth Gautam left his home, family as well as his luxurious life and started a spiritual journey and finally he got enlightenment and become Lord Buddha.

Lumbini: The Peace Flame

Present Lumbini

Lumbini is broken into many complexes called the Lumbini development Zone and the Lumbini museum which is within it. The Development Zones contain many buddhist monasteries and temples which you can visit. Today, it is a thriving hub for Buddhist tourism, attracting pilgrims and visitors from all over the world. The development of infrastructure in the area has made it easier for tourists to access peace place, with the construction of new roads, hotels, and other facilities.


How to Get Lumbini

We can reach Lumbini by flying to either Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or the Gautam Buddha International Airport in Bhairahawa. Several airlines operate flights to these airports. Once you arrive, it’s only a short taxi ride to Lumbini Buddha Garden. You can also take air-conditioned buses from Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Chitwan to Lumbini. If you’re coming from Sunauli in India, you can take a rickshaw to Buddha Chowk in Bhairahawa for a bus or cab to Lumbini. There are immigration counters for foreigners at both Sunauli and Bhairahawa.There are also air-conditioned luxury buses plying to Lumbini or nearby Taulihawa from these towns. From Kathmandu, a pleasant 7-hour drive, 4-hour drive from Chitwan and 5-hour drive from Pokhara! Our lodge is located by the Telar River bridge near Parsa Chowk.

 Accommodation In Lumbini

There are many different places to stay in Siddartha Nagar , ranging from cheap guesthouses to fancy hotels. You can stay in a monastery for a more authentic experience, or at the Lumbini Buddha Garden for a peaceful setting just a short distance from the sacred site. If you’re on a budget, there are plenty of affordable guesthouses and lodges, and for those who want to splurge, there are some luxury hotels and resorts with top-quality amenities. It’s a good idea to book your accommodation in advance, especially during busy times, to make sure you have a place to stay and to avoid any problems.

Overview Of Lumbini

Lumbini is an important pilgrimage destination among Buddhists. It is the place where Queen Maya Devi gave birth to Prince Siddhartha, who then became Lord Buddha and founded Buddhism. Apart from this,

  •    It is one of the four main pilgrimage sites of Buddhism in the world.
  • It is an UNESCO world heritage site
  • It is also considered as an important hindu pilgrimage site as Buddha is considered as one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu.

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